Nelson Mandela


1918 is the year when Nelson Mandela was born. as Rolihlahla Mandela to a Xhosa tribesman and later died on 5th December 2013. A white teacher gave him the English name nelson. He became the president of South Africa in 1994 where he served until 1999 whereby he was the first black to be elected in a fully democratic election. Nelson Mandela was a politician, philanthropist and anti-apartheid revolutionary of South Africans. In his leadership Nelson, Mandela focused on putting an end the legacy apartheid. This was by dealing with the problem of poverty, inequality, racism and promoting racial reconciliation among people of South Africa. He became the president of African Nationally Congress party from 1991 to 1997 and politically he was a democratic socialist and an African nationalist. Nelson Mandela served as the Secretary General of the party called the Non-aligned movement for one year internationally.

Contributions of Nelson Mandela to his nation

Black and white people operated separately under a system called apartheid when Nelson Mandela was a young person. Apartheid is a situation whereby white people were in charge of the country. It was not acceptable for the blacks to use similar beaches, hospitals and also schools with the white people and also the blacks were declined from voting. Nelson Mandela accredited that everybody should be treated equally, and none should be denied his/her basic needs. Nelson Mandela led the protest against apartheid after he joined the African National Congress. He was distinguished by many for promoting equity and peace in South Africa. South Africa held elections in which both the white people and black were allowed to vote. By giving Mandela a white name; it reflected the white control of South Africa to which he would be very instrumental in fighting. In his early age, Nelson was introduced to Christian faith that he retained till his death. Mandela is a significant figure in the war against white oppression in South Africa. After graduating with a law degree, he joined the national African Congress party that established his base for the fight. Also, he served as South Africa’s prime minister for five years after his release from jail.

Death of Nelson Mandela

Mandela was first diagnosed and hospitalised with a recurring lung infection. But he was linked to several health problems greatly contributed by the conditions he was exposed to as he served his jail term on Robben Island. Mandela succumbed from respiratory infections that led to his death. Many South Africans rejoiced his death rather than mourning due to his fight against apartheid.